Dedicated to the 100 million victims of communism worldwide.
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National Exhibit
National Exhibit
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej

First secretary of the Central Committee of the R.C.P. and first vice-president and president of the Council of Ministers (1948-1952; 1952-1955), Gheorghiu-Dej (1901-1965) was president of the state council until his death. Before 1945, he was a railway worker arrested after the 1933 strikes and sentenced to a ten-year prison term. Leader of the “center of prisons,” he escaped from the Targu-Jiu concentration camp in August 1944 and took over control of the party in collaboration with the Pauker-Luca group when the latter returned from the U.S.S.R. He was the principal instigator and beneficiary of the assassination of Stefan Foris and the arrest of Lucretiu Patrascanu. An unrepentant Stalinist, Gheorghiu-Dej achieved and exercised power relying primarily on the Securitate (the secret police), headed at the outset by Soviet agents Pintilie Bodnarenko and Alexandru Nikolski but ‘ethnicized’ later, during the last period of Gheorghiu-Dej’s life.





Click for sources of the victims of communism

Location:  Eastern Europe
Capital:  Bucharest
Communist Rule:  1947 – 1989
Status:  Fall of Ceausescu - 22.12.1989
Victims of Communism:
435 000