Dedicated to the 100 million victims of communism worldwide.
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National Exhibit
National Exhibit
Nicolae Ceausescu

Between 1965 and 1989, Ceausescu (1918-1989) was leader of the Romanian Communist Party and, after 1967, head of state.

Before 1945, he was a Communist Youth Union militant with little real education or Marxist political indoctrination until he was sentenced and imprisoned (at Jilava, Brasov, Doftana, Caransebes jails, and the Targu-Jiu concentration camp during the war). While at Targu-Jiu, he became one of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej’s closest collaborators.

After 1944, he led the Communist Youth Union., then served as deputy minister of agriculture and head of the political section of the armed forces. He was directly involved in the terror during the collectivization campaign, in the army purge, and in 1956, he was one of the party leaders who coordinated the repression of the movements of solidarity with the Hungarian revolution.

From 1955 until 1965, he was the Central Committee secretary in charge of party cadres, administration and intra-party communication. This position allowed Ceausescu to build the power base for the accession to power and his uncontested rule. Vainglorious and power thirsty, he developed a personality cult comparable to those of Stalin, Mao, and Kim Il-sung. His wife Elena was his closest associate and the head of the party’s department of cadres.

Overthrown by a popular revolt combined with an intra-party coup, they were executed on December 25, 1989.

Click for sources of the victims of communism

Location:  Eastern Europe
Capital:  Bucharest
Communist Rule:  1947 – 1989
Status:  Fall of Ceausescu - 22.12.1989
Victims of Communism:
435 000